A few articles on Muslim minorities in Europe and the United States. The first, in The Economist, argues that Muslims find it 'easier to be American than to feel European':
"Whatever the defects in Muslim eyes of American foreign policy, the United States has a substantial Muslim population which on the whole seems pretty comfortable there, and has produced some of the world's best Islamic thinkers. That spectacular Middle East-looking mosque at the top of this article is in fact in Dearborn, Michigan [...] America's Muslims neither see themselves, nor are seen by other Americans, as being radically at odds with American society. When Americans scold Europe for its “exclusionary nationalism”, it is partly because they feel that their country has more successfully embraced a variety of religions, including Islam [...] If America is better at absorbing its Muslims, this may to some degree be a matter of luck. The majority of Muslim Americans are either upwardly mobile migrants from southern Asia or Iran, or black American converts who lack any personal links to Islam's heartland. Many European cities, on the other hand, contain an exceptionally volatile Muslim under-class which is poor, alienated and intertwined (by family ties) with the hungriest and angriest parts of the Muslim world [...] But it is not just luck. The difference between America and Europe in dealing with Islam reaches down to some basic questions of principle, such as the limits of free speech and free behaviour. America's political culture places huge importance on the right to religious difference, including the right to displays of faith which others might consider eccentric. In the words of Reza Aslan, a popular Iranian-American writer on Islam, “Americans are used to exuberant displays of religiosity.” So the daily prostrations of a devout Muslim are less shocking to an American than to a lukewarm European Christian. American society is open to religious arguments—and to new approaches to old theological questions—in a way that Europe is not."
The second, by Slavoj Žižek writing in The New York Times, discusses the relationship between atheists, liberals and Christianity in Europe to their Muslim minorities, and argues that the best way forward is to treat Muslims as 'serious adults', who are responsible for their beliefs:
"Consider the debate that raged in Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, my home country, as the constitutional controversy simmered: should Muslims (mostly immigrant workers from the old Yugoslav republics) be allowed to build a mosque? While conservatives opposed the mosque for cultural, political and even architectural reasons, the liberal weekly journal Mladina was consistently outspoken in its support for the mosque, in keeping with its concern for the rights of those from other former Yugoslav republics [...] Not surprisingly, given its liberal attitudes, Mladina was also one of the few Slovenian publications to reprint the infamous caricatures of Muhammad. And, conversely, those who displayed the greatest "understanding" for the violent Muslim protests those cartoons caused were also the ones who regularly expressed their concern for the fate of Christianity in Europe [...] These weird alliances confront Europe's Muslims with a difficult choice: the only political force that does not reduce them to second-class citizens and allows them the space to express their religious identity are the "godless" atheist liberals, while those closest to their religious social practice, their Christian mirror-image, are their greatest political enemies. The paradox is that Muslims' only real allies are not those who first published the caricatures for shock value, but those who, in support of the ideal of freedom of expression, reprinted them."
The third, in the Graun from a few days ago, looks at the recent Pew Global Attitude Project on how Muslims and Westerners view each other. The poll suggests that most British Muslims have a dim view of 'westerners', whereas their brethren on the Continent have more favourable attitudes.
Update: Ikram, in the comments, points to a similar article in The New York Times Magazine. Aqoul directs us to an article on 'Muslim silence in Europe' over terrorist attacks. And Tariq Ramadan had an interview in Prospect quite recently on Western Muslims. (I'll see if I have some time to make a few comments on these articles, Ikram and Safiyyah.)